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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

ZAFRA TANAKA, Jessica Hanae; TENORIO-MUCHA, Janeth  y  BAZALAR-PALACIOS, Janina. Association between the rurality index and work satisfaction in Peruvian physicians and nurses. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2020, vol.46, n.2, e1414.  Epub 01-Jun-2020. ISSN 0864-3466.

Introduction:

Work satisfaction in the health context is important because its absence is associated with mental or psychosocial disorders and adversely affects the services provided, the well-being of the patient and also decrease the performance of the health system.

Objective:

To assess the association between the rurality index of the district where it is located the health institution and the work satisfaction in doctors and nurses working in these institutions in Peru.

Methods:

It was made a secondary analysis of the National Survey of Health Users Satisfaction, 2016. This survey was conducted to 5098 health professionals, 43.5% of them were physicians. Rurality was measured as population density (inhabitants/km2) of the district where the health facility is. To evaluate the association of interest, it was used a Poisson´s generalized linear model of the family to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios.

Results:

The percentage of doctors and nurses with work satisfaction was 75.1% and 76.7%, respectively. Among the physicians no association was found between the rurality index and job satisfaction in the crude model (1.01 CI 95%: 0.96 1.05 to 1.05) nor the adjusted one (1,01 IC 95 %: 0.97 to 1.05). In nurses association was not found in the crude model (98 CI 95%: 0.95 to 1.00) nor in the adjusted one (0.97 IC 95 %: 0.93 to 1.00). An association was found between satisfaction with certain characteristics and the rurality index.

Conclusions:

There is evidence that there is no association between work satisfaction of health personnel and the rurality index of the district where the health facility is.

Palabras clave : working conditions; rural workers; work satisfaction.

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