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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 0864-3466versión On-line ISSN 1561-3127

Resumen

AMARO CANO, María del Carmen et al. Sense and meaning of old age of residents in Zanja Street, 2017-2019. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2021, vol.47, n.2, e2612.  Epub 30-Jun-2021. ISSN 0864-3466.

Introduction:

In Cuba, in 2016, people over the age of 60 made up 19.8% of the population, and Havana was one of the most aged provinces. In 2018 it increased to 20.4%. In Zanja Street, people of different ethnic groups reside, with diverse cultural heritage and traditions and different visions of the sense and meaning of old age.

Objective:

Characterize the sense of old age of older adults and the old-age meaning of children, adolescents, young people and average adults, residing on Zanja Street.

Methods:

An exploratory study was carried out, based on a mixed methodology: qualitative and quantitative. The observational method was used and, consequently, it was decided to make use of in-depth interview techniques, non-participating observation, with their corresponding guidelines, percentage technique and data triangulation.

Results:

Older adults expressed satisfaction with material and spiritual needs at a high level; although 50% of retirees reported not receiving care from the organizations to which they belonged. A high percentage of average adults said that older adults are important and useful people, they have experience and are helpful. Children, teenagers and young people said that what they love most about their grandparents is that they love and help them and what they don't like is that they argue and get sick.

Conclusions:

If older adults are important to the families, communities and the society, the material conditions of their life and environment need to be improved, and so they can feel acknowledge for their contributions.

Palabras clave : Children; adolescents; young people; average adults; older adults; old age; sense; meaning.

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