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Revista de Protección Vegetal

versión On-line ISSN 2224-4697


CEBALLOS VAZQUEZ, Margarita  y  MONTES DE OCA MARTINEZ, Nivian. Sanitary registration of microbial biopesticides in Cuba and Latin America. Case study: Cuban nematicide KlamiC®. Rev. Protección Veg. [online]. 2016, vol.31, n.2, pp. 120-133. ISSN 2224-4697.

A review of the sanitary registration of microbial pesticides is presented in this paper. It provides an overview of the laws, documents, stages, involved authorities, and the technical requirements in 16 countries in Latin America. The similarities, differences and challenges through which are forced the research centers, manufacturers and foods applying these biopesticides to pass are included. Through KlamiC®, a product registered in Cuba and other Latin America countries to control root-knot nematodes in vegetables and other crops, a practical example of the major studies to be developed for registration is illustrated. An analysis is made of the advantages offered by the development of the ISO 9000 Quality Management System and the application of good practices as a platform to ensure compliance with the requirements of the registration process, mainly of what is related to the documentation and product evaluation, representing more competitiveness in the market and the positioning of the institution and its products. The results showed great similarities in the sanitary registration of microbial biopesticides in Cuba and Central American countries, so that the process homologation and / or harmonization of requirements are suggested The review showed the steps to achieve a sanitary registration that meets the requirements of safety and efficacy for microbial biopesticides in a different region of its introduction, and the advantages and challenges currently faced by the industry of biopesticides.

Palabras clave : biopesticide; biological control; Pochonia chlamydosporia.

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