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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255


SANCHEZ AGUILAR, José Raúl; DELGADO MARIN, Neyda  and  ALLENDE RIVERA, Adys. Frequency of caustic ingestion in children. AMC [online]. 2006, vol.10, n.2, pp.42-53. ISSN 1025-0255.

In Cuba accidents rank firts as a cause of death in children aged 1-15. A five years retrospective study was conducted at the Camaguey Pediactric Hospital to assess the frecuency of caustic ingestion in children from January 2000 to December 2004. The universe and sample were taken from 53 patients admitted to the hospital. Clinical records were reviewed and form was printed with the following variables age, sex corrosive ingested sleps followed and classification, among others. Patients aged 1-3 prevailed 34 (64, 5 %). The number of male patients increased to a total of 32. The highest number of cases corresponded to rural areas 31 (58 %). Caustic soda prevailed among corrosives ingested 27 (51%), laringoscopy was performed in 100 % of patients. Esophagoscopy was performed only in 37.7 % of patients. Stage I and stage III esophagitis prevailed as esophagic lesions (11, 4 %) respectively. Most frequent symptoms and signs were mouth mucosa edema 23 cases (54, 5 %), and mild mouth burns 13 patients , 24 % 2001 was the year with the highest rate of caustic ingestion 15 children (28, 3 %).

Keywords : CAUSTICS [effects]; ESOPHAGITIS; BUNRS CHEMICAL [therapy].

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