Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey
versión ISSN 1025-0255
COSTA GARCIA, María Leticia; RODRIGUEZ HEREDIA, Odalys; GARCIA PERERA, Alis y RODRIGUEZ ESCOBAR, Norma. Epidemiological aspects of the infantile scabies at Cabimas municipality, Zulia state, Venezuela. AMC [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1025-0255.
Background: Scabies is a public health problem in the world, particularly in the pediatric age, that explains the high morbidity in developed and underdeveloped countries, which constitutes true epidemics. Objective: To determine some epidemiological aspects of the infantile scabies in children from 0 to 15 years in the doctor's office «El Lucero», Zulia state of Venezuela. Method: A prospective, longitudinal, and descriptive study was carried out, in the family doctor's office pertaining to «El Lucero», sector in Cabimas municipality, Zulia state, Venezuela, from June 30, 2005 to June 30, 2006. The universe of study was constituted by 403 patients, with ages between a day of born and fifteen years, that attended in the Integral General Medicine consultation by skin lesions. The sample remained conformed by 202 patients, clinically diagnosed by scabies, and that attended to said consultation in the period before mentioned. As data primary source was utilized the survey made to the effect by the author of the investigation, previous informed consent. Results: Male sex and the age groups from one to five years predominated, most of the cases presented socioeconomic and hygienic-sanitary conditions of the house between bad and regular, the most frequent elementary lesions were the erythema, the papule and the excoriations, the localization of predilection were the scalp, the interdigital spaces of the fingers and the sole of the foot, the eczematization constituted the most common complication and the atopic dermatitis represented the most observed associated disease. Conclusions: The results of the study show the incidence and prevalence of transmissible diseases, particularly in inhabitants of marginal urban zones that do not possess access to the health services.
Palabras llave : Scabies/epidemilogy; child; ectoparasitic infestations; epidemiology descriptive; longitudinal studies.