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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

PAYAN HECHAVARRIA, Taimys; MOLINET VEGA, Lázara Mairelys  y  GARCIA MARTINEZ, José Manuel. Cataracts surgery with the use of cryoanesthesia in the Blumenthal technique. AMC [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.5. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: The anesthesia in cataracts surgery has simultaneously evolved to the surgical technique. The surgery of small incision has popularized the use of topical anesthesia, which allows carrying out the surgery with excellent tolerance by the patient. Objective: To analyze the results of the cataracts surgery with cryoanesthesia by means of Blumenthal technique in patients suffering senile cataract. Method: An explicative study about the results of the cataracts surgery with cryoanesthesia by means of Blumenthal technique in the Ophthalmology service at «Manuel Ascunce Domenech» Surgical Clinic Educational Hospital from December 2005 to August 2006. The universe was constituted by all the patients with diagnosis of surgical criterion, to which was applied a formulary created to the effect based on the bibliographic review and experts criterion. Sexes, cataract stage, exposure time to anesthesia and satisfaction grade of the patient, were the variables studied. Results: The higher quantity of patients was comprised in the group of 70 to 79 years, there was less effectivity with the anesthetic technique in the younger age groups, there was no difference regarding to sex, though the masculine showed less effectivity in the anesthetic technique with a proportion of 2:1. Conclusions: The hypermature cataract diminished the validity of the anesthetic technique, prolongation of surgical time related to the cataract stage reduced the anesthetic technique effectiveness and three out of five patients assessed the technique as excellent or good.

Palabras clave : Cataract extraction; cryoanesthesia [methods]; observational studies.

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