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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

HERNANDEZ BETANCOURT, Oscar; DEBESA PADILLA, Aime  y  QUESADA LEIVA, Lídice. Purification of human genomic DNA for the diagnosis of the systemic lupus erythematosus. AMC [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.1. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: The DNA molecule constitutes a necessary antigen in the capping of an immunoenzymatic system dedicated to the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases, specifically of the systemic lupus erythematosus. On the other hand, this molecule is used for obtaining the anti DNA monoclonal antibodies´ of double chain. Objective: The quality of the purified human DNA was evaluated by the phenol method: chloroform with diagnostic purposes. The molecule for the first time was obtained in the Center of Immunology and Biological Products of Camagüey. Method: The DNA was extracted from a patient's prostatic tissue with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The conventional technique of phenol: chloroform / isoamyl alcohol was perfomed. The tissue was previously treated with Pronasa at 56ºC. The agarose gel electrophoresis was performed at 0,8% and the relationship 260/280nm was determined by spectrophotometry, with the purpose of evaluating the integrity of the macromolecule, as well as its grade of purity respectively. Results: It was not observed degradation of the human genomic DNA molecule, and the relationship 260/280 was about 1,6. The human DNA molecule was tested in the capping of an ELISA dedicated to lupus diagnosis, and its comparison with plasmid DNA did not show significant differences (p = 0.710). Conclusions: The described method, provided a nucleic acid molecule with the quality required to be used in the immunoenzymatic system dedicated to the diagnosis of the systemic lupus erythematosus.

Palabras clave : DNA; purification; electrophoresis; agarose gels; ELISA; systemic lupus erythematosus.

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