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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

CASADO RODRIGUEZ, Cristina; RODRIGUEZ HEREDIA, Odalys; MENA FERNANDEZ, Magalys  y  GARCIA GONZALEZ, Gloria. Educational intervention to elevate the level of knowledge on brucellosis in workers exposed to risk: Camagüey municipality. AMC [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.3. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: The brucellosis is an important zoonosis of man acquired from an animal source, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), this disease is one of the main sanitary problems in many countries; about half million of new cases every year. Objective: To apply an educational intervention to elevate the level of knowledge on brucellosis in workers exposed to risk. Method: An intervention experimental study in the sanitary slaughterhouse of Guanavaquilla and in the meat processing factory, guided to elevate the level of knowledge of workers exposed to risk about brucellosis, from January 1st to December 31st, 2007. The universe was conformed by all the workers exposed to risk of brucellosis of the center Guanavaquilla with seventy six exposed workers and meat processing factory with one-hundred sixty ones, the sample was conformed by 66 workers selected through a random simple sampling to those were applied a questionnaire. Results: It was observed that before receiving the educational works were considered scarce the knowledge that the workers possess about, in the way brucellosis is acquired, the importance of the use of personal protection means and that these are in perfect state. Also why it is personal hygiene and an appropriate atmosphere necessary, as well as the risks to acquire brucellosis and the prevention measures. Conclusions: At the beginning of the investigation workers had little knowledge on brucellosis, after the intervention a significant increase was achieved, for what the intervention was considered effective.

Palabras clave : educational intervention; brucellosis; personal hygiene.

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