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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

BETANCOURT B, José A; ORTIZ HERNANDEZ, Eloy; GONZALEZ MORA, Ania  y  BRITO, Humberto. Approach of the complex systems in Epidemiology. AMC [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.4. ISSN 1025-0255.

To make the present review, available databases were used such as: INFOMED, (PUDMED and HINARI;) using "epidemics models", "epidemics contact patterns" and "epidemics spatio-temporal" as describers. Observations, individual and group interviews with the Epidemiology staff of Camagüey province and Havana City were performed. It stands out the fact that abundant updated bibliography in INFOMED databases exists, which shows international tendency to the use of mathematical tools typical of the complexity approach. In the specific case of Epidemiology it is appreciated all over the world the use of advanced mathematical models, dynamic cartographic analysis and the establishment of patterns of the populations' contact, what puts in evidence that taking decisions uses scientific methods of advanced characteristic to the complex systems approach. It is concluded that urges the recognition of the nonlinearity of the epidemic processes, so that the quality of the epidemic surveillance gets rich with this kind of analysis.

Palabras clave : epidemiology; complexity approach; epidemic analysis; non lineal epidemiology.

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