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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

BETANCOURT GAMBOA, Kenia et al. Epidemiological aspects associated to alterations of development in old pregnant woman. AMC [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.2. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: the advanced maternal age constitutes an associate factor that shows a statistically significant risk in the appearance of congenital malformations. Objective: to determine the specific age of the age group where alterations of development occurred, as well as the possible relationship of some risk factors with these alterations. Method: a prospective descriptive study in the nine health areas of Camagüey municipality was conducted, from January 2005 to June 2007. The study universe was constituted by five-hundred and twelve pregnant women of thirty-five years or more captured in the genetic risk consultation; the sample (fifty-three pregnant women presented alterations of embryonal or fetal development) it was took by non-probabilistic sampling and experts' criterion. Results: alterations of prenatal development that presented greater frequency were spontaneous abortions and chromosomopathies. The most affected age group was the one from 35 to 36 years and drugs intake was the teratogen agent more associated to the alterations of development. Conclusions: the most frequent alterations of prenatal development found in pregnant women with advanced maternal age were spontaneous abortions, chromosomopathies, congenital malformations and fetal deaths, being spontaneous abortions those that prevailed.

Palabras clave : MATERNAL AGE; CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES; RISK FACTORS; TERATOGENS; EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.

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