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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255


CARTAYA OLANO, Maritza; HERNANDEZ SAEZ, Isbel; GONZALEZ SAEZ, Yoandra  y  ALVAREZ CISNEROS, Natacha del Pilar. Risk factors of cervix uteri cancer. AMC [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.5. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: invasive uterine neck cancer is one of the most frequent causes of death in women of developing countries and its rate of incidence in Latin America and the Caribbean region are among the highest in the world. Objective: to contribute to modify the knowledge level on the risk factors of cervix uteri cancer. Method: an educational intervention study was conducted in women belonging to the Educational University Polyclinic Ignacio Agramonte of Camagüey, in the year 2008. The study universe was constituted by one-hundred ninety-seven women, applying a probabilistic sampling of fifty-five patients who were applied an initial questionnaire in relation to their knowledge at the beginning of sexual intercourses, the risks factors and the frequency which should be carried out the cytological test. Later on an Educational Program was implanted on the considered aspects of interest and one month later the same questionnaire was applied. Results: the results were processed in a computed way, applying statistical measures of frequency and percent distribution, presenting results in texts and charts. Before the educational intervention 83,6% began sexual intercourses before the 16 years old, it was recognized with very low percent 81,8%, the high incidence of the sexually transmitted infections with 81.8% and multiple sexual partners in 74.5%. It was observed that 63.6% was able to identify that cytological test was carried out every 3 years and 14.5% every 6 months. Conclusions: the beginning of sexual intercourses prevailed before the 16 years, the ignorance about the risk factors of cervix uteri cancer and the frequency which should be carried out the cytological test what was reformed after having finished the Educational Program.


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