Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey
versão ISSN 1025-0255
ALVAREZ AMADOR, Héctor Eduardo et al. Behavior of otitis externa in diabetic patients. AMC [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.5, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1025-0255.
Background: otitis, with its different presentation forms, constitutes one of the most frequent pathologies has to face the general doctor daily. Objective: to describe the behavior of otitis externa in the diabetic patient. Method: an observational descriptive and prospective study in diabetic patients older than eighteen years was conducted who assisted to the otorhinolaryngology consultation of the Community Integral Hospital of Chacaltaya La Paz, Bolivia from January to December 2007. The universe was constituted by one-hundred forty-seven patients with diabetes mellitus as diagnosis and the sample was made up of eighty-two patients. Results: the age groups between thirty-eight and forty-seven years prevailed with forty-one patients that represents 50% of the studied sample, predominating in this group the masculine sex with twenty-one patients (42,86%). The 95,12% presented type II diabetes mellitus, prevailing the masculine sex with the 59,75%. Predisposing factors that mostly predominated were the lack of personal hygiene in 89,02% and the autoscratched or cleaning with contaminated objects in 39,02%. Pain and pruritus were presented in more than 70% of the studied patients. Conclusions: prevailed type II diabetes mellitus and otitis externa malignant in patients with bad metabolic control also the bad hygienic habits and the little sanitary education. A high incidence of otitis externa chronic and otomycosis by candidus and aspergillus existed.
Palavras-chave : OTITIS EXTERNA; DIABETES MELLITUS; PERSONAL HIGIENE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES.