Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey
versão ISSN 1025-0255
EXPOSITO MARTIN, Idelbys; CUAN CORRALES, Miran; ESTRADA VERDEJA, Viviana e MARTIN ZALDIVAR, Ledia. Risk factors to caries in patients with fixed orthodontic appliance. AMC [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.5, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1025-0255.
Background: orthodontic treatments with fixed appliance provide an appropriate atmosphere for the development of dentobacterial plaque, in bands, brackets, wires, increasing considerably the risk of appearance of dental caries in these patients. Objective: to determine the risk factors to caries in patients with fixed orthodontic appliance. Method: a descriptive study in the orthodontics consultation at the Odontology clinic of the Military Hospital of Camagüey was performed, from October 2007 to May 2008. The universe was constituted by one-hundred twenty-nine patients; the sample remained conformed by forty-seven patients, chosen by simple random sampling, using the Sigesmu program that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The risk factors were identified through interrogation and the oral clinical examination; data were stored in a form made to the effect. The obtained data were processed by means of the SPSS/PC 11.1 statistical system making use of inferential descriptive statistics. Results: risk factors prevailed in a significant way, the 100% of patients presented caries inheritance, bad oral hygiene was in 76,5%, followed by the cariogenic diet and dental crowding. Conclusions: risk factors of caries were significant in the study group. Caries antecedent and dental crowding prevailed significantly in the ages from fourteen to nineteen years, and bad oral hygiene in the masculine sex.
Palavras-chave : DENTAL CARIES; RISK FACTORS; ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES; EPIDEMIOLOGY, DESCRIPTIVE; ADULT; ORAL HYGIENE.