Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey
versión ISSN 1025-0255
RUIZ COBIELLA, Dania María; GARCIA MARTINEZ MOLES, Aymara; ANTUNEZ TABOADA, Jesús y RODRIGUEZ CORREA, Leise. Educational intervention on diabetes mellitus in patients carriers of the disease. AMC [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.1, pp. 1-8. ISSN 1025-0255.
Background:diabetes mellitus is a health worldwide problem whose prevalence and incidence increases vertiginously. It constitutes the eighth cause of death in Cuba, it contributes in great measure to disability and it has repercussions in the increase of hospitalizations and use of the urgency services. Objective: to evaluate knowledge on risk factors and their influence in the metabolic control of diabetes mellitus in patients carriers of the disease. Method: an educational intervention was performed in patients with diagnostic of type II diabetes mellitus since the beginning of the disease, older than 45 years and according to the chronological order of their attendance in the medicine consultation at the North Community polyclinic of Florida from January to June 2007. The sample was constituted by 82 patients, for data collecting a survey was made, which was applied before and after the educational intervention. Results: patients between 55 and 64 years prevailed, as well as the female sex, were identified as risk factors: physical inactivity, obesity and smoking. The metabolic control of these patients was mainly regular, however, after the intervention increased to the category of good. Conclusions: the educational intervention proved to be very profitable, since a greater knowledge with regard to risk factors and a better metabolic control was achieved, the reduction of the hospital admittance implied a better quality of life in the population under study.
Palabras llave : DIABETES MELLITUS, Type 2 [Epidemiology]; RISK FACTORES; PRIMARY HEALTH CARE; INTERVENTION STUDIES; QUALITY OF LIFE.