Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey
versión ISSN 1025-0255
SARDUY RAMOS, Carlos Miguel; ARTUNEDO GOMEZ, Gladys; BASULTO BARROSO, Manuel y BARRAMEDA PEREZ, Carlos. Behavior of some nosocomial infections in a polyvalent intermediate care unit. AMC [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.1, pp. 1-11. ISSN 1025-0255.
Background: nosocomial infections detected in an intermediate care unit are associated to invasive procedures. Objective: to assess the behavior of some nosocomial infections in an intermediate care unit. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study on intrahospital infections associate to invasive procedures was performed from 2005 to 2007 in the polyvalent intermediate care unit at the University Hospital Manuel Ascunce Domenech of Camagüey. The study universe was constituted by 4799 patients admitted consecutively during the evaluated triennium, of them 277 presented a nosocomial infection at least, the sample was conformed by 164 patients with extrinsic risk factors and selected by simple random method. Three risk factors were taking into account: artificial mechanical ventilation, central venous catheter and vesical tube. Results: more than the half of infections corresponded to patients older than sixty years. Pneumonia associated to the ventilation was the most frequent with the biggest percent of deaths. The enterobacteria group in the infections associated to centrovenous catheters and urinary tubes stood out. Conclusions: pneumonia associated to the ventilation was the most frequent nosocomial infection and it was the responsible for the biggest number of deaths.
Palabras llave : CROSS INFECTION; RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL; CATHETERIZATION, CENTRAL VENOUS; EPIDEMIOLOGY, DESCRIPTIVE; RISK FACTORS.