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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

MENDIOLA BETANCOURT, Beatriz María et al. Impact of an odontology educational strategy directed to diabetic patients type 1 in pediatric age. AMC [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.5, pp.812-825. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: many researches show the relationship between systemic and buccodental diseases. Diabetes mellitus is a global problem and Cuba is no exception. The dilemma is the possibility to cause complications when does not comply with the control of the disease inside them, periodontopathy. Objective: to assess the impact of an educational strategy in patients with diabetes type 1 in pediatric age with chronic gingivitis. Method: according to the analysis and the scope of results a quasi-experimental study was conducted (Community intervention trial), at the General Hospital of pediatric specialties in the province of Camagüey, from January to July 2008. The universe was made up of 54 diabetic patients between 8 and 19 years, registered in the provincial programme of care for diabetic children and adolescents. The sample coincided with the universe. Variables as: level of information, oral hygiene, and gingival health status were considered. The results were compared before making the intervention with those obtained in the short and medium term. Results: initially the level of information was evaluated of wrong in 57.4 % of patients. At medium term 68.6 % was rated of good. Oral hygiene was good in 8 % of patients at the beginning, after 18 months evaluation of well spread to 70.4 %. To one year and a half the 50 % was not suffering from gingival disease. Conclusions: it was found that the impact, after 18 months of being applied the strategy, was positive.

Palabras clave : DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE I; HEALT EDUCATION, DENTAL; EPIDEMIOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL.

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