Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey
versão ISSN 1025-0255
Introduction: knowledge about human virus papilloma infection is relatively limited in the health-care staff, so it is necessary its updating. Development: human virus papilloma infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection. It is expressed in clinical and subclinical latent form. More than 120 genotypes are known. More than 40 in the lower genital tract have been isolated. They are found in the 99.7 % of cervical cancers. They are classified according to their oncogenic capacity, low and high risk; six and 11 are low risk and cause the 90 % of condilomata acuminatum; the latter are an indicator for high-risk virus infections. The transmission route is usually sexual. Virus persistence is the most important factor to develop dysplastic lesions, cervical and vulval cancer, and other malignancies. Factors that influence with its persistence are linked to the host, to the virus and to the environmental ones. The transmission from mother to child is possible. Treatment aims to eliminate the visible lesion clinically, but does not reduce the risk of transmission, or malignant transformation. The application of two types of vaccines has been reported. Conclusions: knowledge about human virus papilloma infection has evolved considerably in recent years. Its persistent infection is the cause of cervical cancer, and is heavily involved in other malignancies.
Palavras-chave : CONDYLOMATA ACUMINATA; PAPILLOMA VIRUS INFECTIONS; UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASM; SEXUALLY TRASMITTES DISEASES.