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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

FERRER MONTOYA, Rafael; CUESTA GARCIA, Yendris Licet; RODRIGUEZ DE LA FUENTE, Francisco Antonio  y  ESTEVEZ LLOVET, María Caridad. Survival of ventilated infants. AMC [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.2, pp.190-198. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: mechanical ventilation is one of the most important techniques and most commonly used in neonatal services, it is aimed to raise gaseous exchange and to improve clinical status of infants. Timely and correct use has a great impact on the favorable evolution of the patient.   Objective: to know the results of ventilated infants'survival in the neonatal intensive care unit at the University Hospital Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Bayamo, Granma. Method: a prospective study from 2006 to 2009 was conducted. Gestational age, birth weight and ventilated infants diseases, as well as time and possible complications were taken into account. Results: patients with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathies, congenital cardiopathies with intracranial bleeding prevailed, as well as ventilated infants in the first six hours and ventilator disconnection in the first three days. Conclusions: infants with respiratory problems constituted the largest number of ventilated patients, surgical conditions predominated. Ventilatory treatment at the beginning of ventilation in the first six hours and stage ≤ three days was effective, the most frequent complications detected were ventilated pneumonia, atelectasis and selective intubation.

Palabras clave : RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL; SURVIVAL ANALYSIS; RESPIRATION DISORDERS [therapy]; INFANT, NEWBORN; RETROSPECTIVE STUDIES.

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