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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255


BASAIN VALDES, José María et al. Malnutrition by excess and high blood pressure in children and adolescents from a health area. AMC [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.3, pp.220-228. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: malnutrition by excess and high blood pressure in children and adolescents are health problems nowadays. Excess and high blood pressure are two important cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: to determine the behaviour of malnutrition by excess and high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 37 patients that matched the inclusion criteria and belonged to the Basic Working Group 2 from Carlos Manuel Portuondo Lambert Teaching Policlinic between January 2013 and December 2013. The following variables were studied: age, sex, nutritional status, arterial tension and degree of obesity. The information obtained was processed by means of the statistic program Excel 2003 for Windows and the descriptive statistics to obtain frequency distributions and percents. The results of the study are shown in tables. Results: female sex predominated with a 56, 7 %; the 35, 1 % of them were ten years old or older. The 18, 9 % of the studied patients were overweight and the 32, 4 % were obese. The 75 % of the obese patients presented high blood pressure. Conclusions: female sex and patients older than ten years old predominated. The most affected patients regarding nutritional status were female and in the categories overweight and obese. The highest levels of arterial tension appeared in patients with a degree of severe obesity.


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