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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

MIRANDA RAMOS, María de los Ángeles; OSORIA COUTO, Armida; SANTANA ALVAREZ, Jorge  y  GARCIA ALVAREZ, Yudelkys. Personalized program of rehabilitation exercises for infants with impaired vision and delay of the psychomotor development. AMC [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.3, pp.247-261. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: the integration and social improvement of the standard of living of infants with impaired vision and delay of the psychomotor development is a challenge for rehabilitation medicine specialists since this is a disabling disease from the motor point of view. Objective: to analyze the results of the application of a methodological guide to avoid the appearance of atypical courses of development in infants between the ages of 1 month and 12 months and newborns with the diagnosis of impaired vision, thus stimulating psychomotor development at short age in the family context. Methods: an exploratory, inclusive, qualitative, observational, only-case study, according to Bogdan and Bicklen was conducted by means of non-probabilistic sampling in an infant, born in February 2011, with impaired vision caused by congenital coloboma of the optic nerve and psychomotor delay. The patient was treated by means of a personalized program of rehabilitation exercises for infants with impaired vision and delay of the psychomotor development. Thirty-three exercises were selected according to the physical education program for infants and defined as following: work time, number of repetitions, method and means to perform the exercises. Results: the program took as reference the initial evaluation and the physical development of the patient during the course of the weeks on rehabilitation treatment. The systematic application of the exercises was completely new. The infant walked for the first time and explored the surrounding environment. The patient improved his motor development, manual skills and language and accelerated his cognitive development and comprehension of the environment. Conclusions: the exercises program gave the possibility of evaluating the therapeutic influence in the rapid integration of the infant to society with a full achievement of his psychomotor development in the less possible time.

Palabras clave : PROGRAMS; DISABLED CHILDREN; EXERCISE THERAPY; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY; CHILD.

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