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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

NAPOLES GONZALEZ, Isidro de Jesús; RIVERO PEREZ, Oscar; GARCIA NAPOLES, Caridad Inés  y  PEREZ SARDUY, Dainier. Buccal mucosa lessions associated with complete denture wearing in elderly patients. AMC [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.2, pp.158-166. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: buccal mucosa lesions represent a health problem. Dentures of poor quality that lost its properties due to the extension of the required time for their uses have contributed to presenting buccal tissues complaints. Objective: to determine the behavior of buccal mucosa lesions caused by complete dentures in patients over 60 years old. Methods: a descriptive observational review between January and December, 2014 was conducted in the department of dental prostheses at Julio Antonio Mella clinic. The universe was formed by 272 patients over 60 years old, who wore complete dentures and attended the clinic during the research period. Sample selecting did not allow for probabilities. It was composed of 180 patients who presented altered mucosa. Results: from 180 patients, 60% and 40% account for females and males respectively. Sixty and sixty-four age group predominated. Stomatitis arisen under the denture (33, 19%), traumatic ulcer (24, 70%), and fissurated epulis (16, 19%) were the most frequent lesions. The 63.96 % of the lesions are associated with ill-fitting dentures. Conclusions: buccal lesions associated with complete denture wearing were more common in women and the 60 to 64 age group. During the five-year period of wearing the denture, the presence of lesions increased. Stomatitis arisen under the denture was predominant, followed by traumatic ulcer and fissurated epulis.

Palabras clave : MOUTH MUCOSA [injuries]; DENTURE, COMPLETE [adverse effects]; ORAL ULCER; AGED; EPIDEMIOLOGY, DESCRIPTIVE.

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