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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

ARMAS PEREZ, Bárbaro A. et al. Pure mediastinal bronchogenic cyst: three case reports. AMC [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.6, pp.716-724. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: pure mediastinal bronchogenic cyst is usually located in the middle mediastinum. It is more frequent in both sexes and at any age, although as it is congenital its incidence is higher in children and teenagers. Generally these cysts are asymptomatic and their diagnoses are casual in a lot of cases. A thematic introduction about a mediastinal cystic tumor was performed taking into account its origin, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment. It has been pointed that it might appear in other parts of thorax and neck. Objective: to show the different forms of appearance of mediastinal bronchogenic cyst. Clinical cases: three women over 45 years old were treated in the surgical services areas of Amalia Simoni and Manuel Ascunce Domenech hospitals, to whom a resection of the mediastinal cystic tumor was performed. They were studied in advance through the analysis of the symptoms, thorax radiography, ultrasonography, computerized axial tomography and then the diagnosis was confirmed with the histopathological study. The treatment included tumor excision through thoracotomy with good post-operatory evolution in all the patients. Conclusions: three patients older over 45 years old were treated with mediastinal cystic tumor excision through open thoracotomy with good therapeutic results.

Palabras clave : MEDIASTINAL NEOPLASMS; CARCINOMA, BRONCHOGENIC [diagnosis]; CARCINOMA, BRONCHOGENIC [therapy]; THORACOTOMY; CASE REPORTS.

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