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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

DOMINGUEZ-CERVANTES, Julia Anis; DELGADO-FERNANDEZ, Rebeca Iracema; HERNANDEZ-RUIZ, Anabel  y  JIMENEZ-SOTO, Adisa del Carmen. Acute myocardial infarction in women admitted to the Cardiology service of the Joaquín Albarrán Hospital. AMC [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.3, pp.319-328. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in women, one third of female deaths worldwide.

Objective:

to characterize myocardial infarction in female patients.

Methods:

a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out, with a sample of 47 female patients, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results:

80.7 % of patients older than 60 years, the predominant age group were those between 61 and 70 years. The personal history of hypertension was present in 70% of the patients admitted, followed by hypertriglyceridemia. Among the most frequent manifestations, precordial pain is treated in 85 % of the population. 51.06 % of the patients studied had a myocardial infarction with ST segment elevation. The most frequent complications are cardiac arrhythmia followed by heart failure and intrahospital sepsis.

Conclusions:

it was shown that the female sex is a predictor of worse outcomes among patients with acute myocardial infarction is still a topic in the discussion and that there is great heterogeneity in the published data.

Palabras clave : CARDIOLOGY SERVICE, HOSPITAL; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION/complications; MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA/mortality; WOMEN; RISK FACTORS.

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