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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

NARANJO-HERNANDEZ, Ydalsys; FELIPE-REYES, Tania; SANCHEZ-CARMENATE, Meyvel  y  CUBA-RODRIGUEZ, Alianiuvis. Nursing intervention in home care for the elderly with diabetes mellitus. AMC [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.3, pp.339-348. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

diabetes mellitus is a public health problem, as it is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases associated with high morbidity and mortality. Currently, more than 382 million people in the world suffer from this disease and it is estimated that it will reach 592 million by 2035. Nursing activity with the patient in home care is crucial for the modification of this fact. In this sense, the ambulatory care of the diabetic patient acquires a determining value in this purpose.

Objective:

to design a nursing intervention in home care for the elderly with diabetes mellitus.

Methods:

intervention study and development contextualized at Dr. Antonio García del Rijo Polyclinic in the municipality and province of Sancti Spiritus, from 2016 to 2017. Study variables: level of knowledge of nurses, care of the elderly with diabetes mellitus and state of health. A structured interview to the elderly was used to know the improvement of the state of health, after the intervention was applied the population, the proportions were compared through McNemar test.

Results:

the level of knowledge of the nurses at the end of the training program obtained 80.49, the 92.85% of the health status of the elderly with diabetes mellitus reached a good state of health; the care of the elderly was able to confirm that they received acceptable care, the 80.61% due to behavioral changes.

Conclusions:

the current status of the elderly with diabetes mellitus was characterized and it showed the male dominance as well as the age group of 60-69 years and the level of knowledge of nurses. An intervention was designed for the home care of the elderly with diabetes mellitus.

Palabras clave : AGED; DIABETES MELLITUS; OUTCOME ASSESSMENT (HEALTH CARE); EDUCATION, NURSING; HOME NURSING.

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