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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

AGUILAR-GAMBOA, Franklin Rómulo; BECERRA-GUTIERREZ, Lizzie Karen  y  LEON-JIMENEZ, Franco Ernesto. Parvovirus B19 outbreak associated with healthcare in a hospital in northern Peru. AMC [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.5, e7569.  Epub 28-Oct-2020. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

human parvovirus B19 is the causative agent of fifth disease in children and of polyarthropathy and acute erythroblastopenia in adults.

Objective:

to determine the clinical, epidemiological and analytical aspects of parvovirus B19 infection during a nosocomial outbreak.

Methods:

a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the Medicine and Pediatrics services of the Regional Lambayeque Hospital during the months of November and December 2017. A study of a series of cases was carried out based on the patients and health personnel historical charts, with a positive result to the PVB1 infection, through the ELISA technique. The universe was constituted by 153 patients treated in the Medicine and Pediatrics services. Of which it was selected a sample of 16 cases, based on the criteria.

Results:

16 positive patients from the Medicine and Pediatrics departments were identified, with IgM titers against parvovirus B19 greater than 17 IU / mL, whose ages ranged from 6 months to 38 years. Among them 8/16 patients presented comorbidities of which 3/8 corresponded to autoimmune diseases. In-hospital contacts were evident in both services. Greater morbidity was found in middle-aged female health personnel.

Conclusions:

Parvovirus B19 infection in the hospital or other health environment represents a risk mainly for health personnel.

Palabras clave : DISEASE OUTBREAKS/prevention&control; PARVOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS/epidemiology; PARVOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS/transmission; PARVOVIRUS B19, HUMAN; HEALTH PERSONNEL.

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