SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.24 número5Estimación del riesgo cardiovascular en una población, según dos tablas predictivasTromboembolismo de la arteria mesentérica inferior con necrosis del territorio de la arteria rectal superior índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ-VARGAS, Malvin. Prevalence and variables associated with alcohol and tobacco consumption in burned patients. AMC [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.5, e7542.  Epub 28-Oct-2020. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

current studies have showed that there is a high prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use in burned patients. In Cuba, published research on this topic is scarce.

Objective:

to determine the prevalence and associated variables of alcohol and tobacco consumption of burned patients admitted to the Vladimir Ilich Lenin General Teaching Hospital.

Methods:

a quantitative cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out. The universe consisted of 73 burned patients admitted to the Burn & Reconstructive Surgery service of the Vladimir Ilich Lenin Teaching Hospital, from January 2018 to December 2019. 62 patients were selected by probabilistic sampling. Semi-structured interviews, observation and documentary review were used for the evaluation. Socio-demographic variables, burning production mode and cause, alcohol and tobacco consumption, state of intoxication on admission and mental disorder during hospitalization were considered as variables. The results were processed with the statistical packages EPIDAT 3.1 and MedCalc.

Results:

the estimate of the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use, in general, was relatively high. Male sex, white skin color, rural origin, single marital status with children, accidental burning and the direct fire cause predominated. Most of them had alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Significant associations were obtained between alcohol and tobacco use, in general, with the variables sex, marital status, living with other people, mode of burn production, causal agent and mental disorder.

Conclusions:

the prevalence rate of alcohol and tobacco use, in general, was relatively high. An association was found between alcohol and tobacco consumption and the variables sex, marital status, living with other people, mode of burn production, causal agent and mental disorder.

Palabras clave : ALCOHOLISM/epidemiology; TOBACCO USE DISORDER/epidemiology; BUIRNS/ psychology; BURNS/prevention&control; EPIDEMIOLOGY, DESCRIPTIVE.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )