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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

versión On-line ISSN 1025-0255

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ-MARTINEZ, Orlando Silvio et al. Results of surgical treatment of patients with lung cancer. AMC [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.1, e7767.  Epub 01-Feb-2021. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

the incidence of lung cancer in the province of Sancti Spíritus is high and its diagnosis is usually made in advanced stages, for which surgical treatment is not always possible.

Objective:

to analyze the main characteristics and results of patients operated on for lung cancer.

Methods:

a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out in the General Surgery service of the Camilo Cienfuegos General University Hospital in the Sancti Spiritus province in the period between January 1996 and December 2019. The universe consisted of 83 patients operated with lung cancer who underwent resection accompanied by mediastinal lymph node sampling.

Results:

the male sex predominated in the studied group. The most frequent age groups for both sexes were those from 51 to 60 years old and those over 60 years old. Smoking was present in most of the patients. The most frequent tumor location was in the upper lobes and lobectomy was the most performed technique. The pathological stages that predominated were lB and llB, followed by lllA. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most frequent histological type. Atelectasis and respiratory infections were the most frequent complications. The deceased were few.

Conclusions:

the demographic characteristics of the patients studied correspond to other series of patients with lung cancer. Tumor location in the upper lobes, squamous cell carcinoma, as well as early stages, predominated in the series studied. Lobectomy was the most frequently used surgical technique and among complications, respiratory ones were the most frequent.

Palabras clave : LUNG NEOPLASMS/surgery; LUNG NEOPLASMS/diagnosis; LUNG NEOPLASMS/complications; PNEUMONECTOMY/methods; CARCINOMA, SQUAMOUS CELL/complications.

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