versão On-line ISSN 1025-0298
INFANTE, Juan F et al. Study of immunogenicity and local toxicity of the Neisseria meningitidis cochleate in Sprague Dawley rats. Vaccimonitor [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.1, pp. 1-7. ISSN 1025-0298.
Local Tolerance studies for vaccine products are a main link in the chain of Regulatory Requirements for toxicological preclinical studies. Mainly considering that the use of mucosal road seems to be a current tendency due to the advantages it offers. Sprague Dawley rats of both sexes weighing 100-120 g (reception weight) provided by CENPALAB with the corresponding certificates of sanitary and genetic quality were used in this test. Local tolerance study lasted 17 days. Rats were distributed in 5 groups (3 groups with different cochleate concentrations, one without inoculation and another one that received the diluents of the product in test. Measurement of weight increase, food and water consumption, as well as the anatomopathologic studies in the two times of sacrifice, at 12 and 17 days were performed. Main histopathological studies were carried out in brain and nasal nostrils in three levels of their extension (anterior, medium and posterior areas). In addition, immunological assays such as the determination of IgG in serum, saliva and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were carried out. Results showed a sustained weight increase. There were no clinical alterations during water and food consumption, while the existence of discreet acute inflammatory changes was found by anatomopathological studies, which were directly related to the increase of the product concentration. The presence of IgG antibodies in saliva and in sera of the rats inoculated with the cochleates showed significant differences (P <0.05) compared to the non inoculated control group and to the animals inoculated with the diluent. CSF studies resulted negative regarding the presence of specific IgG antibodies. The existence of a direct relation among the concentrations of the product in test and the inflammatory processes in the medium and posterior levels of the nasal nostril was proven, therefore it is considered that cochleates applied by this route and in the concentrations used are innocuous and immunogenic.
Palavras-chave : Toxicity; local tolerance; cochleates; rats..