versión On-line ISSN 1025-0298
BALBOA, Julio A. et al. Intranasal immunization with AFCo1 induce systemic, mucosal and memory immune response in neonatal mice . Vaccimonitor [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.2, pp. 81-83. ISSN 1025-0298.
Neonates have a poorly developed immune system. Respiratory pathogens cause disease during early periods of live. Consequently, it is important to develop protective vaccines that induce immunity and immunological memory against respiratory pathogens early in life. Intranasal (i.n.) route could be an effective via for immunization. Therefore, we explored the effectiveness of AF (Adjuvant Finlay) PL1 (Proteoliposome) from Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B and its derivate Cochleate (AFCo1) by nasal route in neonatal mice. They were immunized i.n. 3 times 7 days apart and anti PL systemic and mucosal antibody response were measured by ELISA. In addition, a prime-boost strategy was used to evaluate the humoral immune response in neonate mice. The 3 doses of AFPL1 or AFCo1 induced significant levels of anti PL IgG antibodies in comparison whit control, but AFCo1 (2017 U/mL) was significantly higher than AFPL1 (1107 U/mL). AFCo1 and AFPL1 induced a predominant Th1 pattern with IgG2a/IgG1 >1 by i.n. immunization and AFCo1 induced a high anti PL IgA saliva response in saliva. Interestingly, one nasally prime at 7 days of born and a memory one boost i.n. dose 9 weeks later with AFCo1 or AFPL1 showed similar specific IgG levels and IgG2a/IgG1 relation than 3 i.n. doses in adult mice. In conclusion, these results represent the first report of neonatal intranasal vaccination using AFCo1 capable to induce systemic and mucosal immunity and priming for memory.
Palabras llave : Neisseria meningitidis; Outer membrane vesicle; Proteoliposome; AFCo1; AFPL1; Neonatal immunization.