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Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales

versión On-line ISSN 1028-4796

Resumen

PUERTAS-MEJIA, Miguel A; VILLEGAS-GUZMAN, Paola  y  ALBERTO ROJANO, Benjamín. Colombian spent coffee grounds (Coffea arabica) as a potential source of substances with free radicals capacity in vitro. Rev Cubana Plant Med [online]. 2013, vol.18, n.3, pp.469-478. ISSN 1028-4796.

Introduction: besides its commercial importance, Coffee arabica L. is also considered a medicinal plant due to its various biological properties, but its marketing produces a large amount of residues. Spent coffee grounds are one of these residues, which are obtained after the preparation of the drink and contain a significant concentration of polyphenolic compounds. Therefore, the recovery of these substances costless residual will be potentially useful for food and pharmaceutical industry. Objectives: to recover polyphenolic compounds from spent coffee grounds and to give an added value to a vegetable waste as a source of substances with free radicals capacity in vitro. Methods: dehydrated spent coffee grounds were subjected to solid-liquid extraction using different solvent systems. Antioxidant properties were evaluated in vitro using the radical monocation 2,2´-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and the stable free radical 2-2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry was applied to characterize the main compounds. Results: all the extracts obtained showed a good antioxidant capacity with ethanol-water extract, followed by acidulated methanol extract. However, the antioxidant capacity of the ethanol-water extract was lower than coffee beverage. Chlorogenic, isochlorogenic and feruloylquinic acids were identified as the main compounds present in spent coffee grounds. Conclusions: all extracts showed a significant protection effect against free radicals; spent coffee ground, which is considered an undesirable solid waste from industrial processing, could be an add-value raw material in the recovery of antioxidant substances which generates great expectations about its possible use in the pharmaceutical and food industry and gives coffee an important added value.

Palabras clave : spent coffee ground; antioxidant capacity; polyphenols; solid food residues; Coffea arabica.

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