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Multimed

versión On-line ISSN 1028-4818

Resumen

GUERRA CHAVEZ., María Elena et al. Epidemiology of patients admitted with epistaxis in Otorhinolaryngology. Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Hospital. 2013-2019. Multimed [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.5, pp.1056-1067.  Epub 07-Sep-2020. ISSN 1028-4818.

Introduction:

epistaxis has been known since ancient times. It is a highly relevant condition in the ENT field, being one of the most frequent emergencies in our specialty. Its etiology is presumed multifactorial and has classically been divided into local and systemic, although in some cases we found no cause, calling it essential or idiopathic epistaxis. However, the epidemiological data that we have in our country and in our province are scarce.

Objective:

to describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients admitted with epistaxis and factors associated with its appearance.

Methods:

a retrospective study was carried out on admissions for epistaxis in the Otorhinolaryngology service of the Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Hospital in the period of January 2013 and December 2019. The distribution by sex, age, etiology and comorbidity was analyzed.

Results:

27 admissions for epistaxis were assessed. 55.56% were men compared to 44.44% of women. In 48.15% of the cases, epistaxis was associated with arterial hypertension. 74.07% of the patients did not require new tamponade.

Conclusions:

the typical pattern of the patient admitted for epistaxis and with anteroposterior tamponade, is preferably male who presents some associated comorbidity, which is generally arterial hypertension.

Palabras clave : Epistaxis; Epidemiology.

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