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Multimed

versión On-line ISSN 1028-4818

Resumen

AREVALO FONSECA., Héctor; DIAZ GAMBOA., Elizabeth; BOADA ESTRADA., Ana María  y  CAPEY PONCE., Daniela. Characterization of patients in need of ventilatory support. UTIP. 2019. Multimed [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.5, pp.1112-1125.  Epub 17-Sep-2020. ISSN 1028-4818.

Mechanical ventilation is a life support therapeutic resource that has made a decisive contribution to improving survival in critically ill patients. A descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out in the Bayamo PICU of patients ventilated in 2019 with the aim of studying their behavior through the sociodemographic variables age and sex, health area, service of origin, diagnosis on admission and mechanical ventilation time. The universe consisted of 960 patients and the sample of 108 children who were ventilated. Descriptive statistics (absolute and relative frequencies) were used to characterize the studied sample, the data were processed through the professional statistical program SPSS 22.0 for Windows. In the results, we obtained that 49% were under 1 year of age, 44.1% were male, 48.3% from the guardhouse, 44.4% were normal weight, 15.7% with a diagnosis of severe bronchiolitis, and 57.4% were ventilated for more than 5 days. The early start of ventilation and its short duration are the fundamental pillars that affect the quality of life and the short- and long-term prognosis of these patients.

Palabras clave : Morbidity; Artificial breathing; Mechanical ventilation.

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