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Revista Información Científica

versión On-line ISSN 1028-9933


BLET MORA, Yadaimis; SALGADO ESCALONA, Mirian  y  MATOS LAFFITA, Denny. Characterization of primary caregivers of the elderly assigned to the “Hermanos Martínez Tamayo” University Polyclinic of Baracoa, Guantánamo 2018. Rev. inf. cient. [online]. 2019, vol.98, n.6, pp.703-712.  Epub 18-Dic-2019. ISSN 1028-9933.


At present, the aging of the Cuban population increases the demand for comprehensive care of older adults and emerges the social importance of the primary caregiver of older adults.


To characterize primary caregivers of the elderly in the family doctor's office no. 3 “La Punta” attached to the “Hermanos Martínez Tamayo” University Polyclinic, Baracoa, Guantanamo, during 2018.


A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out, supported by the quantitative methodology. The universe was made up of 80 primary caregivers of the elderly, of which 21 were chosen through intentional sampling. These were characterized according to the following variables: age, sex, education, marital status, kinship bond. Self-esteem and lifestyle were also evaluated. The information obtained was presented in tables and summarized by absolute frequencies and percentages.


The highest proportion of caregivers were 60 years of age or older (52.4%), were women (90.5%), with married marital status and consensual union (28.6 and 19%, respectively), level Pre-university schoolchildren (42.8%) and were caretaker daughters (38.0%).


The characterization of primary caregivers of the elderly of the doctor's office of the family No. 3 “La Punta” attached to the University Polyclinic “Hermanos Martínez Tamayo” during 2018 revealed the presence of factors that presuppose their vulnerability to the limited fulfillment of their functions , among those who distinguish themselves: inadequacies in their lifestyle and self-esteem.

Palabras clave : caregivers; Lifestyle; self esteem.

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