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Revista Información Científica

versión On-line ISSN 1028-9933

Resumen

CREAGH-BANDERA, Rogelio; CAZULL-IMBERT, Irayma  y  CREAGH-CAZULL, Abel. Learning to ask: a teaching resource for learning medical anamnesis. Rev. inf. cient. [online]. 2020, vol.99, n.2, pp.150-159.  Epub 03-Mar-2020. ISSN 1028-9933.

Introduction:

Medical anamnesis is the process of interactive communication between the physician, the patient, his or her family, or both, for the purpose of identifying and characterizing the symptoms that express the reality of the patient's state of health, in order to establish the diagnosis and medical intervention.

Objective:

To design a system of didactic actions that will make it easier for medical students to learn the anamnesis.

Method:

At the General Teaching Hospital "Dr. Agostinho Neto" a pedagogical study was developed with this objective, where the methods used were: historical-logical, analysis and synthesis and induction-deduction. In addition, a modeling was used to develop the question model and the systemic approach to determine its structure and establish the relationships between them.

Results:

The use of procedures (transmission of experiences, practical examples, memory models based on imitation), without a structured theoretical support, makes it difficult to fully apply the medical content to specific patients in real conditions similar to or different from those learned, which constitutes a limitation for the training of this skill in the subject Clinical Propedeutics and Medical Semiology.

Conclusions:

A question-based learning model is offered, in which the student is equipped with a didactic-methodological resource for interactive communication with the patient, which facilitates the learning of active listening and the understanding of the patient by the student. It also contributes to the quality of the preparation of the clinical record.

Palabras clave : medical anamnesis; medical interview; doctor-patient relationship; education at work; round ward; Medical Education; clinical record.

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