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Revista Información Científica

versión On-line ISSN 1028-9933

Resumen

FROMETA-AVILA, Maricely; COBAS-DIAZ, Liuba; ENAMORADO-GORRA, Maricela  y  ARMAS-LOPEZ, Mayda. Eye trauma in the ophthalmology consultation in the General Teaching Hospital Dr. Agostinho Neto in the period 2014-2019. Rev. inf. cient. [online]. 2020, vol.99, n.5, pp.461-467.  Epub 27-Oct-2020. ISSN 1028-9933.

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Introduction:

The characteristics of the patients with eye trauma treated in the General Teaching Hospital Dr. Agostinho Neto remain mostly unknown.

Objective:

To characterize eye trauma in the patients in the ophthalmology consultation in the mentioned institution, in the stretch of time between January 2014 to July 2019.

Method:

A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out on the total amount of patients with the diagnosis (n=49). The different variables taken into account were: gender, age, place of origin, occupation, type of trauma, diagnosis and complications, and the modifications in visual acuity according to the treatment given.

Results:

79.0 % of the patients were men, with ages ranging between 19 to 40 years old (43.0 %), from rural areas (57.0 %), and involved in agricultural works (45.0 %). 76.0 % were open eye traumas, being corneal wounds the most common one (55.1%). 95.9 % of the patients were surgically treated, and 83.6 % went through wound healing processes. Before and after the treatment, the 47.0 % and the 41.0 % of the patients, respectively, presented visual acuity and good ‘counting fingers’ and ‘visual perception’ tests results. Traumatic cataracts were the most common complication (33.0 %).

Conclusions:

eye traumas are not a significant health issue, but impacts directly in the life quality of the affected, damaging their visual acuity.

Palabras clave : eye trauma; ophthalmology; eyeball.

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