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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

LOZANO SALAZAR, Jorge Luis et al. Social and economic risk factors of the lung tuberculosis in Santiago de Cuba municipality. MEDISAN [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.4. ISSN 1029-3019.

A case-control study (12 people in each group) on main social and economic risk factors of the lung tuberculosis was carried out in the population aged 15 and over of Santiago de Cuba municipality during 2005. The analyzed variables of interest were age, sex, educational status, occupation, family income, and housing conditions, overcrowding, nutritional evaluation, smoking habit and alcoholism. Association among qualitative variables by means of the chi-square test, association strength through the odds ratio and estimate of 95 % confidence intervals were determined, as well as the exposure impact by means of the percentage attributable risk. The social and economic risk factors causally associated with the lung tuberculosis were consumption of alcoholic drinks, nutritional evaluation with a 19,9 body mass index and exposure to the cigar.

Palabras clave : TUBERCULOSIS,PULMONARY; TUBERCULOSIS,PULMONARY [etiology]; TUBERCULOSIS,PULMONARY [complications]; TUBERCULOSIS,PULMONARY [epidemiology]; COMMUNICABLE DISEASES,EMERGING; COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; COMMUNICABLE DISEASE PREVENTION.

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