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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

PASCUAL LOPEZ, Viviana  y  TOIRAC LAMARQUE, Abelardo S. Risk pattern in primiparous pregnant adolescent: a latent problem. MEDISAN [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.12, pp.1720-1728. ISSN 1029-3019.

The objective of this research was to identify a possible risk pattern in the primiparous adolescent and her child, taking into account the characteristics of comprehensive health care that this population receives in the country. A cross-sectional and retrospective case-control study was conducted in a sample of 207 analysis units (69 cases and 138 controls), of 1 290 pregnant women in total. Among the evaluated variables were earlier induced abortions (± 2); diagnosed conditions associated with pregnancy; pregnancy-dependent events and others. In the statistical analysis the odds ratio (OR) was used with a 95 % confidence interval (CI), as well as the chi-square test with p = 0,05 or lower. Variables of significant association and causal character were deficiency anemia in second and third trimesters, genital infection in first trimester and preterm labor, while abortions (± 2) and fetal diseases showed significance in their associations and protective character. A risk pattern of limited complexity for its use was identified, with extensive modification options before and after conception, and without negative impact on maternal perinatal mortality.

Palabras clave : pregnancy; adolescence; risk pattern; maternity hospital.

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