versión ISSN 1029-3019
NAPOLES GARCIA, Damila et al. Status of periodontal health in pregnant women. MEDISAN [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.3, pp. 333-340. ISSN 1029-3019.
A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in 97 pregnant women with periodontal disease, attended at the dentist's office of «Ezequiel Miranda Díaz» Teaching Hospital in Julio Antonio Mella municipality, from October 2009 to September 2010, to determine the health status of periodontium in these women according to some clinical epidemiological variables. Anemia (36,1 %) and chronic hypertension (22,7 %) as associated diseases prevailed in the series, as well as normal weight nutritional statuses (45,3 %), low weight (37,1 %) and smoking habit (31,9 %). Overall, gingivitis was the marked clinical form, because it prevailed in 84,5 % of pregnant women, mainly in those with poor oral hygiene (61,8 %), which showed that the stage of pregnancy causes an exaggerated response of periodontal tissues to damage and alterations by local irritants.
Palabras llave : pregnancy; gingivitis; periodontal disease; oral health status; dental care; primary health care.