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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

GUERRA CEPENA, Eulises et al. Characterization of patients with hypertension in "Ramón López Peña" University Polyclinic. MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.4, pp.599-604. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was conducted in 2 401 patients with hypertension, belonging to the health area of "Ramón López Peña" University Polyclinic of Santiago de Cuba, from January 2010 to the same month of 2012, in order to characterize them according to clinical and epidemiological variates of interest. In the series a high incidence of this condition in adolescents and a high prevalence in the fourth and fifth decades of life were found, especially in those who had family medical history of the disease and associated risk factors. Complications appeared after 10 years of clinical course in those with uncontrolled condition, attributable mainly to the discontinuation of treatment and/or misuse of drugs, mostly consisting in thiazide diuretics and inhibitors of the angiotensin converting enzyme in addition to the limited use of non-pharmacological drugs. It is imposed to continue insisting on health education related to this chronic non-communicable disease in primary health care.

Palabras clave : hypertension; risk factors; prevalence; incidence; complications; primary health care.

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