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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

DESPAIGNE ALBA, Izvieta et al. Current considerations on the postoperative infections. MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.4, pp.686-707. ISSN 1029-3019.

In spite of the advances of the surgical, anesthetic and microbiologic techniques, as well as of the genetic engineering and the biotechnology, infections constitute the invisible enemy of the operated patient. The occurrence of nosocomial infection in the postoperative period constitutes a frequent complication which, independently from all the prevention and control measures, increases the postsurgical morbidity and mortality, as besides compromising the results of the interventions, they favor the appearance of other complications, occasionally fatal, with very unfavorable socioeconomic repercussions for the sick person and the health institutions. For these reasons, the review on this topic never loses updating, given its multifactor origin, diversity of localizations and variety of germs provoking them. Thus, this work seeks to contribute to its prevention, early diagnosis, opportune and appropriate treatment, according to the good medical and surgical practices.

Palabras clave : postoperative; postsurgical infection; infection of the surgical site; incisional superficial; deep infection; organ; space infection; contamination; prevention; antibiotic therapy.

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