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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

DORIMAIN, Pierre-Charlot et al. Diagnostic and surgical treatment of patients with nodular thyroid disorders. MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.11, pp.8031-8042. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction: the incidence of nodular disease and thyroid cancer increases even more. Objective: to identify the results of the diagnosis and surgical treatment in those affected by these clinical entities. Methods: an applied observational, descriptive and longitudinal study was carried out in 204 patients operated on for nodular thyroid disorders in the General Surgery Department of "Saturnino Lora Torres" Provincial Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital of Santiago de Cuba during the five year period 2007-2011. Results: nodular lesions predominated in women and malignant tumor accounted for 34.3% of the series. The fine-needle aspiration cytology showed low sensitivity, besides appropriate specificity and diagnostic certainty. The intraoperative frozen biopsy was not available and imprint cytology was not performed in all operated patients. Furthermore, postoperative complications and dysphonia in particular were related to cancer, radical surgery and reoperations. There was only one dead, for a mortality of 0.5%. Conclusions: diagnostic methods were not effective in the peroperative differentiation of the nature of nodules, for which it was determined that the presence of a cytopathologist is essential to increase the accuracy in diagnostic studies and avoid unnecessary reoperations.

Palabras clave : thyroid nodule; thyroid cancer; needle cytology; needle aspiration; Surgery Department.

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