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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


PERIQUET MERINO, Magda et al. Some risk factors associated with the low birth weight in "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" General Hospital. MEDISAN [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.1, pp.11-16. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction: when a new born has an weight lower than 2500 grams, independently from its gestacional age, it is considered underweight. Objective: to characterize some risk factors associated with low birth weight. Methods: A retrospective and longitudinal study of 242 newborns, assisted in "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" Teaching General Hospital from Contramaestre was carried out in Santiago de Cuba province, from January to December, 2012. Results: the underweight newborns who belonged to the health area América I (41.3%), the vaginal infections (74.8%) and the intergenesis period shorter than 2 years prevailed. Of the neonates with that ponderal deficit, 67.3% resulted from preterm childbirths. The toxic habits and the extreme maternal age constituted the predominant risk factors. Conclusions: the low birthweight constitutes a health problem that increases even more when there is malnutrition, due to the negative repercussion that has for the parents, the family and the society.

Keywords : gestacional age; intergenesis period; vaginal infection; risk factor; secondary health care.

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