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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

TAMAYO REUS, Caridad María; ROSELL TAMAYO, Loreta  y  CARRION ROSELL, Yamirka. Prevalent diseases in Guatemalan children under 5 years. MEDISAN [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.6, pp.715-721. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 1643 children under 5 years, assisted in the Pediatrics Department of the National Hospital San Pedro Necta, belonging to the municipality of San Pedro Necta Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala, was carried out from June, 2008 to May, 2010, with the aim of characterizing them and to determine the morbidity due to prevalent diseases in them. The data were obtained from the department records and from the clinical records; later on they were operacionalized as clinical and epidemiological variables, and the morbidity rates according to age groups and prevalent disorders were found. In the series the acute breathing infections, caused mainly by the common cold, acute diarrheic diseases, preschool patients, male sex, the environmental pollution agents and mothers with low school level and adolescent ages prevailed. The rates of gross morbidity caused by acute breathing infections and of relative specific morbidity from 1 to 4 years were high

Palabras clave : children; morbidity due to prevalent diseases; acute breathing infections; acute diarrheic diseases; Guatemala.

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