SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.23 número4Factores de riesgo asociados al bajo peso al nacer en un área de salud de Santiago de CubaInfluencia del profesor-tutor en la formación del personal de enfermería índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

ORTIZ VAZQUEZ, Daily et al. Therapeutic adherence and knowledge on hypertension in a sample of adult patients. MEDISAN [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.4, pp.632-643.  Epub 26-Ago-2019. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction:

In developed countries, the rates of adherence to treatments in chronic diseases are around 50 %.

Objective:

To evaluate the therapeutic adherence and the knowledge on hypertension in adult patients.

Methods:

An observational and analytic investigation of 54 adult patients of both sexes , who attended the out-patient service of Joaquín Albarrán Domínguez Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital in Havana City was carried out during the first trimester of 2018. Among the analyzed variables there were: age, sex, treatment, degree of therapeutic adherence and knowledge.

Results:

The female sex (53.7 %), the age group 51-64 years (42.6 %) and the use of antihypertensive drugs, such as enalapril (50.0 %) and captopril (24.0 %); among the diuretics, the clortalidona (44.4 %) in treatments combined with 37.0 %, prevailed. The used combinations were enalapril/clortalidona (16.7 %) and captopril/clortalidona (13.0 %). The knowledge on their disease was not satisfactory (51.9 %); the therapeutic adherence took place in 48.0 % of those affected, being the most frequent factors the negligence on time (50.0 %) and forgetting (42.9 %). Among the factors related to the non adherence the polypharmacy prevailed (83.3 %) followed by the difficulties in obtaining of the medication (72.2 %).

Conclusions:

The therapeutic adherence in patients with hypertension was low and there was no statistical relation with the knowledge on their disease.

Palabras clave : therapeutic adherence; hypertension; Morisky-Green test; Battle test.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )