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MEDISAN

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3019

Resumen

DEL PRADO DE LA TORRE, Lisset María  y  CARTAYA ORTIZ, Ernesto. Influence of physical therapy in the functional capacity of patients with ischemic cardiopathy. MEDISAN [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.3, pp.662-674.  Epub 11-Jun-2021. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction:

Patients with a history of ischemic cardiopathy generally don´t want to abandon a physical or sport activity; on the other side, they can undoubtedly obtain benefits from a physical exercise plan which brings a better life quality.

Objective:

To evaluate he functional capacity of patients with ischemic cardiopathy who have been rehabilitated with physical therapy, according to the ergometric trace.

Method:

A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Service from Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Teaching in Santiago de Cuba during the biennium 2007-2019, in 41 patients who had suffered from a myocardial infarction and were included in a cardiovascular rehabilitation program. To determine the functional capacity, the cardiovascular risk level was compared to the functional class before and after the physical exercise.

Results:

It was achieved to modify the ergometric response in 87.8 % after applying the rehabilitation program, while the cardiovascular state according to the risk level of the patients was modified in 68.2 % towards the low risk and the functional capacity showed an improvement of 82.9 %.

Conclusions:

The implementation of a cardiac rehabilitation program was useful in most of the patients, and a significant improvement of the evaluated cardiovascular parameters was obtained, what pointed at a reestablishment of the life quality and of tolerance to efforts.

Palabras clave : cardiovascular rehabilitation; functional capacity, risk levels; functional clases.

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