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Medicentro Electrónica

versión On-line ISSN 1029-3043

Resumen

SAURA HERNANDEZ, María del Carmen; GOMEZ MILIAN, Tania Mercy  y  VIERA PEREZ, Isandra. A five-year study of vesicoureteral reflux. Medicentro Electrónica [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.2, pp.297-304.  Epub 01-Abr-2021. ISSN 1029-3043.

Vesicoureteral reflux is a frequent cause of chronic kidney damage and the need for renal replacement therapy. A longitudinal descriptive study was carried out in patients who were diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux and seen in the Pediatric Nephrology consultation for a period of five years, with the aim of identifying early clinical manifestations, associated factors and alterations in imaging studies. Recurrence of febrile urinary tract infections was the main initial symptom (82.3%). Several associated risk factors such as family history of kidney malformations (57.32%), maternal diabetes (38.45%), smoking habit (24.67%) and anemia (18.20%) were found. Sonographic alterations (60%) were observed; presence of grade III vesicoureteral reflux and renal scarring predominated. Sonographic alterations are frequent in these patients, although its normality does not rule it out. Scarring nephropathy is associated with vesicoureteral reflux, especially with febrile urinary tract infections.

Palabras clave : vesico-ureteral reflux.

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