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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381


SUAREZ GARCIA, Rodolfo; PEREZ MARTINEZ, Carmen Yanet; FERNANDEZ ROJAS, Lisset  y  PEREZ PUPO, Annarelis. Head and Neck Cancer Characterization in Elderly Patients. CCM [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.2, pp.119-129. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction:  head and neck carcinomas (HNC) constitute 7% of all neoplasias and fourth fatal cause for cancer in males. They are diverse considering its epidemiologic and etiological aspects, heterogeneous and histologically varied. It appears with different clinical presentations and progress, and several therapeutic management and prognosis. Objective: to describe the head and neck cancer clinical-epidemiological behavior as well as therapeutic behavior in elderly people of Holguin. Methods: a descriptive observational study in 407 with head and neck Cancer elderly people, registered in Holguin Health Administration Oncology Report from January 2005 to December 2010 was carried out. Microsoft Excel program and statistical methods to study some variables and to obtain absolute number and percentage were used. Results: there was a highest incidence of this disease in 42.76% of six-year-old patients and those of male sex (72.00%). Holguin (28.00%) and Mayari (11.80%) represented the most affected cities. The majority of patients had toxic habits: smoking (64.62%). The highest percentage of patients was in IV (41.52%) and III (25.06%) stages. The epidermoid carcinoma prevailed. The oral cavity (33.91%) and larynx (29.00%) were the most affected anatomic localization, with metastasis in 69.77% of patients. Combined therapies were the most applied ones in 50.85% of these patients. Conclusions:  diagnosis of head and neck tumors in geriatric ages was late; bad quality of life and lowest therapeutic and survival possibilities was observed

Palabras clave : carcinoma epidermoide; elderly; head and neck cancer; epidemiology; epidermoid carcinoma.

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