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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

LORES LEYVA, Idevis et al. Speech Therapy for Children with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia Manifestations. CCM [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.1, pp.18-24. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: dyslexia and dysgraphia are written language disorders that create one of the leading causes of school failure. The article revealed the results of the evaluation of a system for speech therapy procedures proposed by the group of authors. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of speech therapy system procedures for the children with dyslexia and dysgraphia manifestations. Methods: for the evaluation system of speech therapy procedures for primary school children with written language disorders, a survey was applied to 23 primary school teachers, four methodologists and 15 therapists. The proposal was submitted to expert assessment and an intentional sample was selected (26 students with dyslexia and dysgraphia manifestations) of Fabio Rosel del Río primary school of Guantanamo. A pre - experiment case study was performed. Results: students´ manifestations of dyslexia and dysgraphia exceed disorder in a short period of time. Over 90% of cases developed habits and skills for reading. Reading was fluid in 73% of individuals, in writing no manifestations were observed, as well as transpositions, omissions and condensations. 90% of primary teachers and 95% of speech therapists considered   the system of procedures helped to improve the dyslexia and dysgraphia disorders. Conclusions: the feasibility of the speech therapy procedures system was proved. The evaluation confirmed the need to improve the process of speech therapy assistance from the understanding of the etiopathogenic issues, regarding written language disorders and considering the individualized manifestation.

Palabras clave : dyslexia; dysgraphia; difficulties in reading and writing; speech therapy procedures.

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