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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381


GOMEZ TRUJILLO, Niurka Esther et al. Acute Hepatotoxicity of Mimosa pudica Plant Decoction in Sprague Dawley Rats. CCM [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.1, pp.25-32. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: toxic liver disease is a concerning problem due to the large number of substances that cause such reactions. Epidemiological and statistical data show that Mimosa (Moriviví), known as sensitive and opium poppy is one of the most used plants by drug-addict patients, as an adulterant in marihuana cigarettes drug. Objectives: to evaluate the behavior of biochemical parameters and describe pathological findings in the liver of rats as a result of Mimosa pudica plant. Methods: a preclinical study of acute hepatotoxicity with Mimosa pudica plant in experimental animals was performed. Twenty five Sprague Dawley rats, five per group (positive control, group control and three experimental) were selected for the study. A dose of 500, 1000 and 2000 mg administered per kilogram of body weight of the decoction of the plant to the experimental groups respectively; carbon tetrachloride at doses of 3 milliliters per kilogram of body weight to the positive control and sterile water to control. Results: the results showed an increase of levels of transaminases (SGOT and SGPT) in the experimental groups compared to the control group. The pathological changes observed were focal periportal necrosis, congestion and centrilobular veins acidophilic degeneration of the liver. Conclusions: the consumption of the decoction of the plant Mimosa pudica affects the liver, causing biochemical and pathological alteration of likely importance in drug patients, although further studies are required.

Palabras clave : acute hepatotoxicity; Mimosa pudica; Sprague Dawley rats; transaminases SGOT and SGPT.

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