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Correo Científico Médico

versión On-line ISSN 1560-4381

Resumen

MATEO ESTOL, Bárbara Iliana; TORRES ACOSTA, Guadalupe Rafael; MANET LAHERA, Luís Ricardo  y  SALDIVAR RICARDO, Idalmis Lucila. Prevalence of Percutaneous and Mucosal Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids in Health Cuban Collaborators. ccm [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.1, pp.19-30. ISSN 1560-4381.

Introduction: the occupational biohazard accident occurs when an active worker suffers from the results of an accidental contact with human or animal body fluids, which may cause the transmission of disease to the worker and to indicate serological monitoring and post exposure prophylaxis Objective: to characterize the prevalence of percutaneous and mucosal exposure to blood and body fluids in Bolivar state donors from January to December of 2012. Method: a descriptive retrospective study in Bolivar state was conducted from January to December 2012. The universe consisted of 72 employees affected in both sexes, 100% of them met the criteria for inclusion. The variables of interest that allowed characterizing the event study. Results: females predominated with 84.7% as well as the age group between 25- 29 years (23.7%), nurses with 41.7%. The community areas of integral health most affected were New Chirica, Bella Vista and Unity rates 12.5; 9.7; 9.7 per 100 employees exposed, respectively. Punctures (90.4%) with hollow needles (65.3%) occurred by carelessness (47.2%) during the conduct of the proceedings of the administration of drugs (38.9%) were the most frequent in this study. Conclusions: a predominance of females, and the age group from 25 to 29 years was observed; nurses and doctors contributed three-quarters of all cases. Punctures with hollow needles predominated and carelessness during the administration of drugs was the main cause. The violation of biosafety standards is a major cause of occupational hazard.

Palabras clave : biohazard; occupational accidents; workers.

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